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Tweezers

Tweezers

Tweezers

 Are small tools used for picking up objects too small to be easily handled with the human hands. They are probably derived from tongspincers, or scissors-like pliers used to grab or hold hot objects since the dawn of recorded history. In a scientific or medical context they are normally referred to as forceps.

Tweezers make use of two third-class levers connected at one fixed end (the fulcrum point of each lever), with the pincers at the others.

Women commonly use tweezers mainly for tasks such as plucking hair from the face or eyebrows, often using the term eyebrow tweezers. Other common uses for tweezers are as a tool to manipulate small objects, including for example small, particularly surface-mountelectronic parts, and small mechanical parts for models and precision mechanisms. Stamp collectors use tweezers (stamp tongs) to handle postage stamps which, while large enough to pick up by hand, could be damaged by handling; the jaws of stamp tongs are smooth. One example of a specialized use is picking out flakes of gold in gold panning. Tweezers are also used in kitchens for food presentation  to remove bones from fillets of fish in a process known as pin boning

Tweezers are known to have been used in presynaptic Egypt. There are drawings of Egyptian craftsmen holding hot pots over ovens with a double-bow shaped tool

Tweezers come in a variety of tip shapes and sizes. Blunt tip tweezers have a rounded end which can be used when a pointed object may get entangled, when manipulating cotton swabs, for example. Flat tip tweezers, pictured at right, have an angled tip which may be used for removing splinters. Some tweezers have a long needle-like tip which may be useful for reaching into small crevices. Triangular tip tweezers have larger, wider tips useful for gripping larger objects. Tweezers with curved tips also exist, sometimes called bent forceps. Micro tweezers have an extremely small, pointed tip used for manipulating tiny electronic components and the like.

There are two common forms of construction for tweezers: two fused, angled pieces of metal, or one piece of metal bent in half. The bent tweezers is cheaper to manufacture, but gives weaker grip. The fused tweezers is more expensive, but allows for a stronger grip. The width between the tips of the tweezers when no force is applied also affects how powerful the grip is.

Classification by usage

Applications:

in lead type

in dealing with stamps (see Philately)

in dealing with smaller coins (see Numismatics), to protect the coins these are wrapped at the tips with plastic

in the electronics

for hair removal (eyebrow tweezers)

in semiconductor technology in the form of wafer tweezers

in cosmetics

in medicine (Forceps and Tissue Forceps)

in the household

in jeweler

In the textile industry as iron nubs

in soldering

in science, laboratory

in aquatics at planting z. B. Aqua scraping

in watchmaker usage

There are also other tweezers, for example, so-called optical tweezers and vacuum tweezers to the tweezers.

The original tweezers for mechanical gripping have given rise to a number of tools with similar action or purpose but not dependent upon mechanical pressure, including

Optical tweezers use light to manipulate microscopic objects as small as a single atom. The radiation pressure from a focused laser beam is able to trap small particles. In the biological sciences, these instruments have been used to apply forces in the Pico Newton range and to measure displacements in the nm range of objects ranging in size from 10 nm to over 100 mm.

Magnetic tweezers use magnetic forces to manipulate single molecules (such as DNA) via paramagnetic interactions. In practice it is an array of magnetic traps designed for manipulating individual biomolecules and measuring the ultra-small forces that affect their behavior.

 

Plastic tweezers used in first aid kit

Electric tweezers deliver an electrical signal through the tip, intended for depilation by damaging hair roots to prevent new hair from growing from the same root.

Vacuum tweezers use differences in atmospheric pressure to grasp items from 100 micrometers in size up to parts weighing several pounds. Special vacuum tweezers tips are manufactured to handle a wide variety of items such as surface-mount electronics, optics, biological material, stamps and coins. They may be used to handle parts that are so small that conventional mechanical tweezers may cause parts to be damaged or dropped and lost.

Molecular tweezers are noncyclic host molecules that have two arms capable of binding guests molecules through non-covalent bonding.

Hot, or soldering, tweezers combine the squeezing action of mechanical tweezers with heating, to grip small surface-mount electronic devices while simultaneously heating them, for soldering or disordering.

Tweezers probes are a pair of electrical test probes fixed to a tweezers mechanism to measure voltages or other electronic circuit parameters between closely spaced pins.

Tweezers integrated with an electronic measuring device for evaluation of electrical parameters of small-size electronic components.

Carbon Nano-tweezers have been fabricated by deposition of MWNT bundles on isolated electrodes deposited on tempered glass micropipettes. Those nanotube bundles can be mechanically manipulated by electricity and can be used to manipulate and transfer micro- and Nano-structures. The nanotube bundles used for tweezers are about 50 nm in diameter and 2 µm in lengths. Under electric bias, two close sets of bundles are attracted and can be used as Nano scale tweezers.

Other uses of the same principle are named tweezers; although such terms are not necessarily widely used their meaning is clear to people in the relevant field. E.g., Raman tweezers, which combine Raman spectroscopy with optical tweezers.